Ashok K Biswas didn’t realize that his energy for restoring an old art of Bihar would turn valuable for art admirers as well as for some needy families. The Tikuli or “Bindi” which has decorated the forehead of Hindu women has now found another incarnation as an art frame, on account of the artist, painter and specialist Shree Ashok Kumar Biswas.
With humble beginnings at Dehri On Sone in Rohtas region of Bihar, this man had an aptitude and an ability to match his fantasies. He may securely be known as the solitary crusader in the fight for the restoration of the diminishing Tikuli specialty and he has kept the fight going at Patna since 1974 with his wife Shibani.
Tikuli is an unprecedented and stand-out piece of hand painting, more than 800 years old and has its source in Patna. Tikuli is gotten the name from “Tiki” or “Bindi”- comes in a collection of designs enhancing the temple of most women in India. Patna and Harihans in big cities are notable for a gathering of Tikuli forte.
Biswas mastered the art from one Lal Babu Gupta, a descendant of a family which spent significant time in the art.
As the artist in him was not happy with presenting changes just, he chose to draw in poor women in the specialty and tied up with a nearby business visionary to showcase the items. His genuineness has paid rich profits as apart from turning into the wellspring of business for more than 300 women who make the enhancing pieces, the specialty has additionally won admirers in the global market.
The hundreds of years old passing on Tikuli art shows the numerous appearances of our rich Indian culture including the acclaimed Madhubani Paintings of Bihar. Declaration of the truth of the matter is its notoriety in South Korea where six committals of “Tikuli” specialty things have been sent since 2008 after the show of the art at a worldwide fair held in Seoul.
Biswas has doled out the responsibility of disclosing this specialty to the visitors at this worldwide fair. Tikulis were basically improved by Queens and Aristocrats women of yore. Jewels were put on gold leaves according to the status of the women in the society and these delightful superb Bindis were a satisfied responsibility for in India.
Patna-based Ashok Kumar Biswas has for all intents and purposes with no help reestablished this art. He has melded the tikuli art with different Bihari art type, Madhubani. It is used to make embellishing divider plates, napkins, place settings, inside decorations, plate, pen stands and other utility things.
The motifs of the Madhubani art and other legendary characters have been broadly used as a part of the Tikuli Paintings. It should be said here that the Tikuli art owes some of its allegiances to the acclaimed painter Shree Upendra Maharathi as well; as it was amid his voyage through Japan that Shree Maharathi went over colorful hardboard compositions delineating the hundreds of years old Nipponese motifs and being sold industrially to both nonnatives and local people.
But the destruction of the Mughal empire inverted the prospering Tikuli trade and the British administration made ready for less expensive and more westernized industrial facility made from items in India. In this way by the year 1900, the Tikuli art was confronting the danger of elimination. Awed and roused by such compositions, Maharathi embraced the Japanese strategy to depict the diminishing Tikuli art on coated hardboard.
But every one of his endeavors ground to a halt as after his passing neither the neighborhood artists nor did the Bihar govt. demonstrate any intrigue or slant in advancing this unbelievable art frame. However, this art frame didn’t achieve its obliteration and discovered its lifeline in painter Ashok K. Biswas whose solitary campaign has conveyed Tikuli art to our family today.
Chipping away at this particular type of painting since 1974, Biswas has never looked the other path even with conspicuous government lack of care or when its business suitability could be addressed. After being in insensibility, the art of making tikuli is hinting at restoration — as an art and also a good business recommendation for poor groups of Bihar towns.
The main difference now is that as opposed to decorating foreheads of Indian women, tikulis are enhancing drawing-room dividers and tables in different parts of India as well as nations over the globe. This composition is done on the coated surface of hardboard plates. The way toward making these sketches is an extremely repetitive and tedious.
From cutting the hard board in various sizes to painting sharp dark lines in one stroke for evenness and excellence, the procedure includes 15 phases. Fine brushes and veneer paints are used to make these canvases. These works of art are accessible in different sizes and shapes and are warmth evidence and water confirmation and are used for inside enrichment like tapestries and utility things like place settings and napkins.
Tikuli is one of the principle subjects for Nepali and Bhojpuri society tunes. In a large number of the Hindi writing books, it has been used as an image of cheerful married life, a character of a wedded woman.
An old specialty of the Mughal times, it is really beautiful in the present times also. Tikuli is even now part of tribal adornments worn by the Santhal tribe of Bihar.